60's Anime
KIMBA THE WHITE LION

Kimba The White Lion was known as Jungle Taitei in Japan and translates as "The Jungle Emporer."  It was a colour anime series created and produced by Osamu Tezuka, through his own company named Mushi Productions, released in Japan in 1966 and aired on Melbourne TV in December 1967 at 4pm on channel 2 and as recently as 1982. The English version was produced and coordinated by Fred Ladd with Billie Lou Watt playing the voice of Kimba, who was a female and not a male as many people believe. Billie passed away in 2001 and is survived by her husband Hal Studer. She was also the voice of Jimmy Sparks in Gigantor and Astroboy. The voice of Dan’l Baboon was Cliff Owen who was also Inspector Blooper from Gigantor and Dr Elefun from Astroboy. Gilbert Mack was the voice of Pauley Cracker as well as Dick Strong from Gigantor and Mr Pompos from Astroboy. Roger Ranger was the voice of Hal Studer. 49 episodes were made and were released worldwide through NBC. Kimba was released on video in 1993 by a Canadian group titled ‘Kimba the Lion Prince’. The theme song, voices and many of the character names have changed. The only thing that remains of the original is the animation, but it has been digitally remastered. A huge disappointment! ‘Leo the Lion' was a sequel to Kimba following the adventures of Kimba as an adult. It was produced in Japan in 1966 with the English version being released in America in 1984. It has not been shown on Melbourne TV, but is available on video. 'The New Adventures of Kimba' has just been released in the U.S with some of the episodes dubbed in English and others in Japanese with Fan subs.  The original names have been kept.
The very first episode titled ‘Go White Lion’ opens up with the words ‘Only the strong survive in the Jungle.’ Before Kimba is born, his father Caeser is killed trying to free Kimba’s mother Snowlene from lion hunters. The lion hunters are hired by the game warden to kill Caeser who is always releasing the natives' livestock as he wants all the animals to live a free existence. Snowlene is taken away on a ship to be sold to a zoo, and it is aboard the ship that Kimba is born in a cage. His mother convinces him to jump overboard. He later sees the wreckage of the ship in the water and realises the ship must have sunk, with his mother who is now dead. Kimba swims ashore guided by the memory of his father and the voice of his mother with her image being formed from a group of stars in the dark sky. In his travels to reach the jungle he sees the great cities of the humans and decides if he ever reaches the jungle he will teach the animals to be civilised like the humans. When Kimba reaches his home he is against fighting Claw who has taken over as king of the jungle from Caeser, and it is not until Kimba is captured by hunters and saved by a human that he realises that ‘sometimes you have to fight for what's right.’
He comes back stronger, defeating Claw and, like his father, becomes king. Kimba believes that destroying fellow animals is wrong, no matter what (even though he kills a few in the series), and that animals should not eat one another but learn to farm and be vegetarians.
Some of the characters were Dan’l Baboon, his wisest and closest friend, Pauley Cracker (a parrot), Dodie Deer (female) and Bucky Deer with enemies including Cassius a black panther, Claw the Lion and Tom and Tab (two hyenas). Roger Ranger first appears in the episode titled "A human friend" where he teaches the animals to talk. He often helps the animals when in trouble from humans on hunting expeditions.
An interesting thing was pointed out to me by 'Dave Sternberg' in the episode "Such Sweet Sorrow". The character Mr Pompous from Astroboy appears in this episode. It is the same character and is drawn the same way and even his name is the same. He ends up in a cage towards the end of the episode and builds a fire to keep warm in a snow storm. It is the episode with the Magical Woolly Mammoth which comes down from the mountain to save Kimba and the other animals from being captured by Mary "The Poacher," who refers to Mr Pompous as "Uncle Pompous". He is also known in the episode to Roger the Ranger as Mr Pompous. It seems that Osamu Tezuka decided to recycle the Pompous character from the Astroboy series.
Many of the original episodes are available on video. See my home page

kimbalion2.gif (25974 bytes)Side note: The Leo The Lion series was done immediately after Kimba, and intended to be Kimba's adventures as an adult. Tezuka was so thrilled with NBC's reception of Kimba, that he went ahead and did the series, neglecting to obtain a little something called a contract. When he showed NBC the finished series, they told him Leo was too "dark", not suitable for children, and they were quite happy with the 52 episodes they had. Too bad for us, because the folks who finally got a chance to dub it in the 80s were not nearly as good as Billie Lou Watt and company.Tezuka's budget only allowed for 2500 new cels per episode, hence the almost-trademark cyclical animation.(Thanks to Dave Sternberg for this info)

 

JUNGLE EMPEROR / KIMBA THE WHITE LION [1965] Comparison Chart (Japanese and
English Language Versions)  BY Kelly Lannan (
BASE_KOALA@bigpond.com)
Intended Chronolgical order - (last column) supplied by Dave Sternberg (drblake@mail.lig.bellsouth.net)

JAPANESE TITLES ENGLISH TITLES
(1965 translations)
NBC CATALOGUE ORDER
(as shown on tv)
INTENDED CHRONOLIGICAL ORDER
1.  Go Child Of Panja 1.  Go White Lion (*1) 1.  Go White Lion 1.  Go White Lion
2.  The Wind Of The Desert 2.  The Wind In The Desert (*2) 2.  Jungle Thief 2. The Wind In The Desert
3.  The Animal School 3.  A Human Friend 3.  Dangerous Journey 3.  Battle At Dead River
4. The Wild Ox Samson 4.  Great Caeser's Ghost 4.  Great Caeser's Ghost 4.  Volcano Island
5.  Memory Of The Continent  5.  Fair Game (*3) 5.  Journey Into Time 5.  Jungle Thief
6.  The Starving Savannah 6.  Jungle Thief 6.  Restaurant Trouble 6.  Insect Invasion
7.  The Duel Of Konga 7.  Battle At Dead River 7.  A Bad Baboon 7. Great Caesar's Ghost
8.  The Crazed Cloud 8.  Insect Invasion 8.  The Wind In The Desert 8. Dangerous Journey
9.  The Winged Ruler 9.  The Flying Tiger 9.  Insect Invasion 9. A Human Friend
10. A Pair Of Hearts 10. Two Hearts And Two Minds 10. Battle At Dead River 10. The Troublemaker
11. The Hunting Ground Part 1 11. Catch 'Em If You can 11. Scarmbled Eggs 11. The Balloon that Blows Up
12. The Hunting Ground Part 2 12. The Hunting Ground 12. The Chameleon Who Cried Wolf 12. Journey Into Time
13. The Great Jungle Chorus 13. The Trappers 13. Gypsy's Purple Potion 13. Restaurant Trouble
14. The Androcles Story 14. Journey Into Time 14. A Human Friend 14. Running Wild
15. Eggs, Eggs, Eggs 15. Scrambled Eggs 15. The Wild Wildcat 15. The Cobweb Caper
16. The Burning River 16. Diamonds In The Gruff 16. City Of Gold 16. A Friend Indeed
17. The Ghastly Blue Serpent 17. The Magic Serpent 17. The Last Poacher 17. The Bad Baboon
18. Bera And The Medal 18. The Runaway 18. The Trappers 18. The Trappers
19. The Cabin's Revelation 19. The Mystery Of The Deserted Village 19. The Hunting Ground 19. The Hunting Ground
20. Restaurant Riot 20. Restaurant Trouble 20. The Legend Of Hippo Valley 20. Diamonds in the Gruff
21. The Return Of Sandy 21. A Bad Baboon 21. The Magic Serpent 21. Too Many Elephants
22. Uncle Varshy 22. Dangerous Journey 22. Volcano Island 22. Catch 'Em If You Can
23. The Strange Giant Insect 23. The Gigantic Grasshopper 23. The Flying Tiger 23. The Nightmare Narcissus
24. Mammy's Forest 24. Gypsy's Purple Potion 24. Running Wild 24. The Gigantic Grasshopper
25. The Baby Elephant Jumbo 25. Too Many Elephants (*5) 25. Destroyers From The Desert 25. The Revolting Development
26. The Flesh Of Peace 26. A Revolting Development 26. The Trouble-Maker 26. The Runaway
27. The Sad Chameleon 27. The Chameleon Who Cried Wolf 27. The Gigantic Grasshopper 27. Such Sweet Sorrow
28. The Wildcat Miyu 28. The Wild Wildcat 28. The Mystery Of The Deserted
       Village
28. The Wild Wildcat
29. The Cannibal Beast Flower
      Aurane
29. The Nightmare Narcissus 29. Jungle Justice 29. The Return of Fancy Prancy
30. The Pursuit Trip 30. Adventures In The City 30. Too Many Elephants 30. The Mystery of the Deserted Village
31. The Mystery Of Deadman's
      Cave
31. City Of Gold 31. Soldier of Fortune 31. Soldier of Fortune
32. The Last Poacher 32. The Last Poacher 32. Adventures In The City 32. Legend of Hippo Valley
33. The Tuskless Hiyuki Affair 33. Jungle Justice (*6) 33. Such Sweet Sorrow 33. Adventure in the City
34. The Panther Totto's
      Counterattack
34. Jungle Fun (*7) 34. Diamonds In The Gruff 34. The Chameleon Who Cried Wolf
35. The Panther Totto's
      Counterattack
35. The Pretenders (*8) 35. The Runaway 35. Silvertail the Renegade
36. The Monster Of Mask Valley 36. The Monster Of Petrified Valley 36. A Revolting Development 36. Fair Game
37. The Howling Evil Statue 37. The Legend Of Hippo Valley 37. Silvertail The Renegade 37. Jungle Fun
38. The Volcanic Crater Island 38. Volcano Island (*9) 38. A Friend In Deed 38. The Pretenders
39. The Season Of Insanity 39. Running Wild 39. Two Hearts And Two Minds 39. The Sun Tree
40. The Raging Boy Of The Prairie 40. The Trouble-Maker 40. Soldier Of Fortune 40. Two Hearts and Two Minds
41. The Wandering Gods Of Death 41. Destroyers From The Desert 41. The Day The Sun Went Out 41. Monster of the Mountain
42. The Mischief Operation 42. The Balloon That Blows Up(*10) 42. The Red Menace 42. Monster of Petrified Valley
43. The Angry Chimesetto 43.The Monster Of The Mountain 43. Jungle Fun 43. The Day the Sun Went Out
44. The Rainbow Valley 44. A friend In Deed 44. The Pretenders 44. The Red Menace
45. The Phantom Mountain 45. Such Sweet Sorrow 45. The Monster Of The Petrified
      Valley
45. Jungle Justice
46. Jane Returns From The City 46.The Return Of Fancy
      Prancy (*12)
46. Fair Game 46. Gypsy's Purple Potion
47. The Spotted Spider 47. The Cobweb Caper (*13) 47. The Balloon That Blows Up(*10) 47. Scrambled Eggs
48. Red Fang 48. The Red Menace (*14) 48. The Monster Of The Mountain 48. The Magic Serpent
49. The Tree Invites The Dawn 49. The Sun Tree 49. The Sun Tree 49. The Flying Tiger
50. Otto's Adventure Clan 50. Soldier Of Fortune (*15) 50. The Cobweb Caper 50. City of Gold
51. The Great Temple Of The Nile 51. The Day The Sun Went Out 51. The Return Of Fancy Prancy 51. The Last Poacher
52. The Cannibal Lion 52. Silvertail The Renegade 52. Catch 'Em If You Can 52. Destroyers from the Desert

NB:  [*1] episode may also be known as "Little Kimba"
       [*2] episode may also be known as "Return Of Kimba"
       [*3] episode may also be known as "Memory Of The Louvre"
       [*4] episode may also be known as "The Cabin"
       [*5] episode may also be known as "Little Elephant"
       [*6] episode may also be known as "The Tuskless Hippo"
       [*7] episode may also be known as "The Dancing Jungle Pt.1"
       [*8] episode may also be known as "The Dancing Jungle Pt.2"
       [*9] episode may also be known as "The Volcanic Island"
       [*10] episode may also be known as "Adventures Of A Balloon" or "Adventures In A Balloon"
       [*11] episode may also be known as "The Rainbow Valley"
       [*12] episode may also be known as "Prancey Returns From The City"
       [*13] episode may also be known as "The Monstrous Spider"
       [*14] episode may also be known as "The Red Monster"
       [*15] episode may also be known as "Adventures With Floppo"
       [*16] episode may also be known as "The Old Lion"

Titles listed directly above are alternative titles, most probably attributed to the Australian prints only. No titles are listed on the episodes themselves. The above comparison chart was compiled using:

  1. the Japanese language episodes themselves for their translated titles;
  2. the 1965 English translation language versions of the episodes;
  3. NBC's catalogue list of episodes;
  4. various Australian lists, catalogues and records for the alternative titles

    The following information is from Dave Sternberg. There is one slight problem.with NBC's official sequence.
    Osamu Tezuka, who created Kimba, had a different idea for the show than NBC did. Tezuka had written this epic fable about his white lion, and he envisioned the TV series as a vehicle for it. Tezuka's story follows Kimba from birth to death. In the cartoons created for NBC, Kimba grows throughout the series. Character develops. But, like most television companies, NBC was looking at syndication, where they could not control the order in which the episodes were shown. NBC tried to play down any development throughout the series in order to make each episode self-sufficient. This causes several problems, like they try to make him talk in an early episode like 'Wind In The Desert' when in the story he doesn't learn to talk until 'A Human Friend'.  As for the differences in his looks, I guess we were just supposed to think he wasn't drawn on model. A while back Robin Leyden and Wendell Washer consulted with Tezuka, Billie Lou Watt and Ray Owens to try to determine the order in which the episodes were meant to be shown. They came up with the list above in the last column (Intended Chronological order)

    Kimba theme song (original)

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