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NAMES OF THE CROMWELLIAN ADVENTURERS

FOR LAND IN IRELAND

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In Prendergast's Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, under the heading "Scheme for a Last and Permanent Conquest of Ireland, through a Society of Adventurers, he says:

" According to the scheme of the Parliament for suppressing the Irish Rebellion (of 1641), 2,500,000 acres of Irish lands, to be forfeited, were offered as security to those who should advance moneys toward raising and paying a private army for subduing the rebels In Ireland.

The moneys, instead of being paid into the King's exchequer, were to be paid to a committee, composed half of members of the House of Commons and half of subscribers to this joint fund, who were to nominate the general and the officers, the King having nothing to say to the force but to sign the officers' commissions. All the Irish saw that this army of Adventurers were coming, like the first invaders under Strongbow, to conquer estates for themselves and their employers, and therefore could not but oppose them for the sake of their wives and children, who must be deprived of their homes. They must therefore fight against England thus represented, and the King (Charles I.) be deprived of their aid. The King objected to the Act: It took away from him the power of pardoning the Irish; and he suggested that it must only render them desperate, which in truth was the very purpose of the Parliament, but he dared not refuse his assent.

The measure was received in England as a triumph over the king and the Irish. The subscribers, or Adventurers as they were called, were to have estates and manors of one thousand acres given to them in Ireland at the following low rates: In Ulster for 200 pounds, in Connaught for 300, in Munster, for 100, and in Leinster for 600, and lands proportionately for less sums. The rates by the acre were four shillings is Ulster, six shillings in Connaught, eight shillings in Munster, and twelve shillings in Leinster. If this plan were carried out, it was to put an end for ever, according to Sir John Bulstrode Whitelock, the Speaker off the House of Commons to that long and bloody conflict foretold (with so much truth) by Giraldus Cambrensis . . . The work of Queen Elizabeth and James the First, it was said, would now be perfected. The Irish would now be rooted out by a new and overwhelming plantation of English: another England would speedily be found in Ireland; And that prophecy (by Giraldus Cambrensis), as old as the invasion, be  proved false, that Ireland will not be conquered till just before the Day of Judgment."

As it was not until the 27th of September, 1653, that the Parliament were enabled to declare the Rebellion in Ireland subdued, and the war appeased and ended, it was only then that preparations were made for setting out lands in that country, in satisfaction of each Adventurer's subscription. Eleven years, however, had then elapsed since the first Act of Subscription in 1642, and some of the Adventurers were no doubt dead, while others of them had sold or assigned their Adventures; but each such Adventurer, or his or her Assignee, received lands in Ireland, equivalent in each case to the paid-up subscription.

It may be observed that some of the Adventurers were Irish, living in England, and some of them living in Ireland. The name and address of each Adventurer is in Prendergast book; Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland 2nd edition published Dublin, 1922.

Surnames of the Adventurers for Lands in Ireland, under the various Acts and Ordinances of Subscription; commencing with the Act of 17 Charles I. chap. 33, A.D.1642, and ending in 1646; When all further subscription ceased:

 

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Adams
Addys
Ailster
Ailston
Alcock
Alcocke
Alexander
Alford
Allen
Allenson
Allot
Allured
Almery
Almond
Ames
Amyos
Anderson
Andrews
Anthony
Archebold
Arkins
Armine
Arnold
Arrundell
Ash
Ashe
Ashley
Ashton
Ashurst
Ashwell
Atkins
Aunsley
Ausley
Austin
Austrey
Ayres
Ayscough
Babb
Babbington
Babington
Baily
Bainford
Baker
Ballam
Ballard
Bancks
Banister
Banks
Barber
Barefoot
Bareton
Barg
Barker
Barnaby
Barnard
Barnardiston
Barnes
Barrett
Barrington
Barton
Barwicke
Bassett
Bate
Bateman
Bayley
Baynton
Bayntun
Bdolph
Beale
Beamont
Beard
Beardolfe
Beardolph
Beck
Bedingfeild
Bedingfield
Beighton
Belfeild
Bell
Bellers
Bence
Bendigo
Bendish
Bentley
Bernard
Best
Betsworth
Bewley
Biddolph
Bidle
Bigg
Biggs
Birch
Bird
Birkenhead
Bisby
Bishop
Bishopp
Biskoe
Blackborrow
Blacke
Blackwell
Blagne
Blake
Blakiston
Blande
Blate
Blatt
Blunsdon
Boate
Boggest
Boggeste
Bond
Bone
Bonner
Bonnvyn
Booke
Bosfield
Bosville
Botterill
Boughton
Boulton
Bourcher
Box
Boyce
Boynton
Boyse
Bradley
Bradshaw
Braket
Branckstead
Brand
Breakeing
Brenley
Brentley
Brereton
Brereton
Brett
Brewer
Brewster
Brice
Brickdell
Bridges
Briggs
Bright
Brightwell
Brimley
Brinley
Briscoe
Brocket
Bromwich
Brooke
Broomer
Broughton
Brouker
Browne
Brunskell
Bruster
Bryfield
Buckland
Buller
Bunce
Burcott
Burgess
Burgis
Burlace
Burroughs
Button
Bye
Bynce
Cacott
Cage
Campbell
Camphield
Cannockt
Canting
Carpenter
Carri2ll
Carter
Carwithen
Castle
Catlin
Caulier
Chamberlain
Chambers
Chandler
Chaveney
Chaveny
Cheney
Cheny
Cheswick
Chewning
Childe
Chillingworth
Clapham
Clapp
Clare
Clarke
Clay
Claydon
Clement
Clercke
Clerke
Clifton
Clotworthy
Clutterbuck
Clutterbucke
Cobb
Cocke
Coish
Colbron
Colchester
Cole
Coleman
Coles
Collect
Collins
Collyer
Combe
Cooke
Coomb
Coombs
Coop
Cooper
Corbet
Corke
Cornish
Cory
Coulson
Cox
Coxon
Coysh
Crandley
Crawley
Cressy
Crew
Crickmore
Crispe
Croane
Cromwell
Crooke
Crossing
Crow
Crowley
Crowther
Dabbe (Debbe)
Dacres
Daire
Daniel
Darnely
Dashwood
Davenport
Daves
Davey
Davis
Davy
Dawes
Dawson
Day
Deards
Deathricke
Debbe (orDabbe)
Delany
Dennis
Dent
Deskeene
Diline
Dingley
Disney
Ditton
Dodd
Dornelly
Dover
Dowleing
Dowleingg
Downe
Downing
Dowse
Dowys
Doyley
Drake
Draper
Dringe
Dryden
Ducane
Duke
Dun
Dupree
Dyke
Eames
Earle
East
Eastwicke
Eaton
Eden
Edlin
Edwards
Elderby
Eldersy
Eldred
Elie
Elinston
Elliot
Ellis
Elliston
Emes
Enderbe
Evans
Evelin
Evillin
Ewelin
Ewer
Eyres
Farrington
Ffalder
Ffane
Ffarmer
Ffarrington
Ffarthing
Ffarwell
Ffawne
Ffeatherton
Ffenton
Fferris
Ffewster
Ffielde
Ffigg
Ffinch
Ffisher
Ffiske
Ffissenden
Fflasher
Fflesher
Ffletcher
Ffoard
Ffolliot
Ffoote
Ffoster
Ffoulkes
Ffountain
Ffountaine
Ffowler
Ffox
Ffrancis
Ffranklin
Ffreeman
Ffrench
Ffrere
Ffyenns
Fish
Fisher
Fisk
Fletcher
Foster
Francis
French
Galllle
Galton
Gardner
Garland
Garnall
Garnar
Garner
Garrard
Garth
Gastrell
Gay
Gearing
Gerrard
Gethinge
Gibbs
Giles
Gill
Gipps
Gitting
Gittings
Glanvill
Goad
Goddard
Goddesden
Godfrey
Godsden
Gomesden
Good
Goodard
Goodier
Goodwin
Goswell
Gouch
Gouge
Gouing
Gould
Gower
Gowrdon
Graant
Grannow
Grantham
Graves
Greenhill
Greensmith
Greenwell
Gregson
Grocer
Grove
Gulson
Gunston
Guxton
Guy
Haddilove
Hale
Hales
Hall
Hallows
Hamon
Hampden
Hampson
Hampston
Hardening
Harding
Hardy
Harlnett
Harmon
Harrington
Harris
Harrison
Harryman
Harsnett
Hart
Harte
Hartford
Harvey
Harvy
Harwell
Hastings
Hatt
Hatton
Haughton
Haule
Haward
Hawell
Hawes
Hawkes
Hawkins
Hayden
Hayes
Hazleburt
Hazlerigg
Hearne
Heathcocke
Heathcott
Heathcotte
Heather
Heecocke
Henly
Henman
Henson
Herrage
Herring
Heveningham
Hiccocke
Hickman
Higgens
Higgins
HIldesley
Hill
Hinde
Hippesley
Hitchcocke
Hoare
Hobbert
Hobson
Hodges
Hodgson
Hodilow
Holland
Holman
Honnor
Honnywood
Hopping
Hotchkis
Houghton
House
Howard
Howe
Howell
Howlsted
Hoxton
Hoyte
Hubbard
Hubbert
Hublon
Hudson
Hughes
Hukins
Hull
Humphreys
Hunt
Hunter
Hurste
Hussey
Hutchins
Hutchinson
Hyland
Ingram
Isaacke
Ivatt
Ivery
Jackson
Jacques
Jaques
Jeffryes
Jenkins
Jenner
Jenny
Jessen
Johnson
Jones
Jordan
Joseph
Jurin
Keddermister
Kendrick,
Kendricke
Kentish
Keynes
Kilby
King
Kingston
Kinnaye
Kircombe
Kirkham
Kittlebutler
Knapp
Knight
Knightley
Knowles
Lacey
Lacy
Lacye,
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Lamb
Lambell
Lambelle
Lambert
Lamott
Lane
Langham
Langley
Laughall
Lazingbye
Lazinley
Leader
Leaver
Lee
Leete
Legatt
Lenthall
Levering
Levit
Lewellin
Lewillin
Lewin
Lewis
Liffkens
Ligh
Lincolne
Ling
Linge
Lipplate
Lisle
Litle
Litmaker
Littleton
Lloyd
Locke
Lockier
Long
Longe
Lordell
Lorrard
Lorring
Loton
Loughall
Lound
Loupe
Love
Low
lrens
Lucas
Lumley
Lunnery
Lyon
Macomber
MacWorth
Maherly
Mallock
Maltas
Malthies
Man
Marlow
Marriot
Marryot
Marshall
Martin
Martinere
Mary
Masham
Massey
Mastall
Mathew
Matthew
May
Maynard
Mayne
Meade
Meare
Measy
Meggot
Melhuish
Mercer
Merideth
Merricke
Methould
Michell
Micketwait
Midleton
Miles
Mileston
Miller
Mills
Minor
Mitchell
Molins
Moody
Moore
Morall
Morgan
Morley
Morris
Mortom
Mosia
Mosyer
Mounson
Mountagne
Mountney
Moyer
Mumford
Munday
Murdocke
Musgrave
Nethuish
Nettle
Nettleship
Newmam
Newton
Newtowne
Nicholl
Nicholson
Nobbs
North
Northcott
Norton
Nosworthy
Nutkins
O'Ffeild
Officiall
Offley
Oldfield
Onslow
Onslowe
Orchard
Ottyer
Overing
Overton
Owen
Owener
Owfeild
Packer
Paine
Palentine
Pallin
Palmer
Panter
Pargiter
Parker
Parkhurst
Parret
Parris
Parry
Parsons
Partheridge
Partridge
Pate
Pay
Payton
Peacock
Peacocke,
Peake
Pearce
Pearson
Pecke
Pedder
Peers
Pennington
Pennoyer
Perket
Perry
Pettit
Peymoyer
Pheasant
Phillips
Pickering
Piggott
Pike
Pim
Pinn
Pinner
Pitcher
Pitches
Pitt
Pitts
Player
Plucknett
Polsted
Polsteed
Poole
Popham
Pordage
Porter
Pots
Pott
Potter
Poulter
Powell
Prestley
Prettie
Priaulke
Price
Prince
Pritey
Procter
Pryer
Puller
Pury
Pye
Quiny
Radcliff
Radcliffe
Raie
Rainsboro
Rainsboro
Rand
Randall
Randolph
Ratcliff
Ratcliffe
Rathbrand
Rathwell
Rayment
Raymoun
Read
Reade
Redferne
Reene
Regmerter
Rendal
Reynold
Reynolds
Richards
Richardson
Ridges
Risby
Roach
Robbins
Roberts
Robins
Robrough
Roch
Rodbeard
Rogers
Role
Roswell
Roulston
Round
Rovins
Row
Royley
Rumney
Rushley
Russell
Ruthhorne
Rutton
Sadler
Sallway
Salmon
Sanders
Sandon
Sankey
Scarlet
Scobell
Scot
Scott
Seager
Seale
Sear
Seare
Searle
Sedgewicke
Seed
Seignejurall
Shakespeare
Shakspeare
Sheafe
Sheares
Sheffeild
Shepcott
Sheppard
Sheppy
Sherlocke
Shetbrooke
Shingler
Shortt
Shurtis
Shute
Shuttleworth
Sibbs
Sibley
Silloby
Simpson
Skinner
Skippon
Skrenshaw
Skrimshawe
Sleigh
Smiter
Smith
Snell
Snelling
Snow
Soame
Solsted
South
Sowden
Sparrow
Speller
Spenser
Spring
Springer
Springett
Spurston
Squire
St.Hill
St.Jobn
Stackhouse
Staine
Standish
Stane
Starkey
Starky
Starr
Starrahirrs
Staunton
Stedde
Stedderman
Steele
Steming
Stephenson
Stint
Stipe
Stocke
Stoker
Stone
Story
Stoughton
Strange
Stratton
Strickland
Stroud
Stubber
Stubbins
Sturdy
Sturmy
Suelling
Summpter
Sumner
Sutton
Swan
Sweete
Swinnicke
Swinnocke
Symons
Syntall
Tabor
Tarlton
Tarrant
Tartle
Taylor
Temple
Tenant
Tendring
Terrill
Terry
Thewel
Thibbs
Thomas
Thompson
Thornburie
Thoroughgood
Thorould
Thorpe
Thrale
Tichburne
Ticknee
Tiffen
Tillaslye
Tillett
Tilsley
Tipping
Tncker
Toft
Towne
Townesend
Townley
Townsend
Towse
Trelawney
Trenchard
Trimlet
Trinnlett
Triplett
Trotman
Tuffenaile
Tunbridge
Turbington
Turgis
Turlington
Turner
Tutty
Tyler
Tym
Underwood
Valentine
Vassal
Vaughan
Venner
Venor
Vernon
Vickars
Vincent
Viner
Voice
Vye
Wade
Waggstaffe
Wagstaffe
Walcott
Waldo
Waldoe
Wall
Waller
Wallin
Wallington
Wallis
Walmsley
Walter
Wardell
Warner
Warren
Warring
Waterhouse
Waters
Waterton
Watkins
Watson
Watts
Weale
Webb
Webster
Weeks
Wells
Wenman
West
Westrow
Wharton
Wheatley
Whitcombe
White
Whitehall
Whiteing
Whitekett
Whitlock
Whitston
Whittaker
Whittingham
Wilcox
Wilde
Wildinge
Wilkin
Willett
Williams
Willington
Willoughby
Wilson
Winewood
Winkly
Winspeare
Winstone
Witham
Withern
Wolfe
Wollaston
Wolley
Wood
Woodcock
Woodcocke
Woodgate
Woodhead
Woodhouse
Woodley
Woodruffe
Woods
Woodward
Woolnough
Wormelayton
Worth
Wright
Wyan
Wymer
Yard
Yates
Yeates
Young
Younge

 

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