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THE SIEGE OF LIMERICK

After the siege Cromwell put into place the following orders...

1. That the city and castle and all places of strength, be delivered to the deputy general on the twenty ninth instant, by sunset, for the use of the parliament and commonwealth of England, for performance whereof, the said Dominick White, Pierce Lacy, Donogh OBrien, and Nicholas Haley shall remain as hostages.

II. In consideration of which all persons now in the city shall have their lives and properties, except the following, who opposed and restrained the deluded people from accepting the conditions s often offered to them.

Major General Hugh ONeil, Governor,
Major General Purcell,
Sir Geoffrey Galley,
Lieutenant Colonel Lacy
Captain George Wolfe
Captain Lieutenant Sexton,
Edmond O'Dwyer, Bishop of Limerick.
Terrence OBrien, Bishop of Emly,
John Quin, a Dominican Friar,
Captain Laurence Welsh, a Priest,
Francis Woulfe, a Dominican Friar,
Philip Dwyer, a Priest,
Alderman, Dominick Fanning,
Alderman Thomas Stitch,
Aldernan Jordan Roche,
Edmond Roche, Burgess
Sir Richard Evrerard,
Doctor Higgins,
Maurice Baggot of Baggotstown,
And Jeffrey Baron.

III. ALL officers, Soldiers and other persons in the city, than have liberty to remove themselves, their families and property to any part of Ireland.

IV. All citizens and inhabitants shall have liberty to stay in the city, until they get warning to depart.

V. All persons now in the city, except those mentioned in the second article, who shall be sire to live peaceably, and submit to the parliament of England, than be protected m any part of the kingdom.

When this capitulation was signed, Sir Hardress Waller was appointed governor, and ONeil met Ireton at the gate and showed him all the ammunition and provisions sufficient to have lasted three months. The troops amounting to two thousand five hundred men, laid down their arms in St. Mary's church, and in marching out of the garrison, several of them dropped dead of the plague, according to Ludlow †, who was a general at the siege. Ireton now issued his bloody orders, and General Purcell, Sir Geoffrey Galwey, the bishop of Em]y, Alderman Thomas Stitch, Friar Francis . Woulfe, Jeffrey Baron, who was just returned from Brussells, Dominick Fanning, who formerly opposed the proclaiming of Ormonds peace, suffered by the hands of the executioner.

The Bishop of Emly † died with great courage, but General Purcell was so weak, he was held up at the place of execution by the soldiers. Fennell, notwithstanding his services, was tried for several crimes, and ordered to execution. The Bishop of Limerick, O'Dwyer, escaped among the troops, in the dress of a soldier, and died at Brussells. The brave governor ONeil, who had so provoked Ireton, by his defence of the city, and his former gallant behaviour at Clonmell, was tried by the gloomy republican, for a conduct that should have recommended him to the esteem of a Soldier. ONeil pleaded that he had taken no part in the original conspiracy, that he had been invited into Ireland by his countrymen, and ever acted as a fair and honourable enemy. But Ireton was inexorable, and the court martial condemned the general to death. Some of the soldiers, more generous than the rest, expostulated with Ireton and happily subdued his obstinacy, he agreed to take the opinion of the court martial a second time, and by a single vote O'Neill's life was saved.

Ludlows memoirs, vol. 1 p 372
This plague or malignant fever made great havoc in Ireland, especially among the English troops.

The Hibernia Dominicans, by Dr. Bourke, titular Bishop of Ossory, page 568, has the following remarkable account of the Bishop of Emly

Terence Albert OBrien was a friar of the Dominican convent in Limerick, a doctor of divinity, elected provincial of that order in 1643, and appointed Bishop of Emly in 1644. He was so active in persuading the Irish to hold out against Gromwell's forces, that Ireton, during the siege of Limerick, offered him forty thousand pounds, to desist from his exhortations, and quit the city, with a passport to any other kingdom He refused this offer heroically, in consequence of which be wets exempted from pardon, tried and condemned to be hanged and beheaded He bore the sentence with resignation, and behaved to his last moments with manly fortitude He addressed Ireton with a prophetic spirit, accusing him of the higher injustice, threatening him with a life for life, and summoning him to the tribunal of God in a few days. Ireton caught the plague in eight days, and died soon after, raging and raving of this unfortunate prelate of whose unjust condemnation he imagined hurried on his death

The Bishop of Emly was executed on the eve of all saints day, and his head was fixed on a spike, at the top of a tower near the centre of the city

History of Limerick by Henry Ferrar. Dublin: 1787, p 54

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Captain George Wolfe of the City of Limerick was proscribed by General Ireton * for his attachment to the royal cause. He fled t the North of England where he settled, and his grandson. General Edward Wolfe, was appointed colonel of the 8th Regiment of Foot, in the year 1745. He transmitted his virtues with additional lustre to his son Major General James Wolfe, whose memory will be ever dear to his country, and those name will be immortalised In history.

History of Limerick by Henry Ferrar. Dublin: 1787. p351

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