5btback.jpg (1906 bytes) 5bthome.jpg (1922 bytes)

 

The following was extracted from The History of Bandon and the Principal Towns in the West Riding of County Cork by George Bennett Esq B.L. and published by Francis Guy, Printers and Publishers, Cork, 1869  [chp 1]

5l.jpg (5893 bytes)

 

If you are researching in Bandon you simply must visit Paul Turner's home page.  Paul has keying in the complete History of Bandon and it is searchable.   Go to www.paulturner.ca/Ireland/Cork/HOB/hob-main.htm

Apart from the the History of Bandon other items for Co Cork are:

Plantation of Munster; exert from "Ireland 1478 - 1610" by M.E. Collins  

Parish Descriptions - Ballymoney   
Parish Descriptions - Kinneigh
Tithes, Kinneigh  (Example)

Maps

CoI  Parish Records - Ballymoney   Searchable text
CoI Parish Records - Kinneigh   Searchable text

Griffiths Valuation - Ballymoney  &  Kinneigh   

Death Register, Murrah, Bandon, Cork, Ireland 
The Killings of Robert (Bob) Howe & John Chinnery
 

Paul Turner http://paulturner.ca is researching the Turner, Werry, Phillips and McLaughlins.  Other related names are Farr, Fuller and Good. 

My family history includes my four grandparents and some associated families. 

Turner
  
the first found ancestors emigrated  from Nottingham, England, c.1830, traveled through NYS and Ohio finally settling in Michigan, USA 2 years prior to statehood.  My my branch came to Toronto c.1900.

Werry  
     immigrated to Ontario, Canada, c.1830, from Cornwall, England and they settled mainly in Durham Co.

Phillips  
      family were originally from Wales, settled for about 200 years in co. Cork, Ireland and then some immigrated to Ontario, Canada, c.1850

McLaughlin  
      family emigrated from co. Cavan, Ireland, c. 1828 &1832, and the first major settlement was in Durham Co, Ontario, Canada. 

 

5l.jpg (5893 bytes)

 

English Protestant Settlers c1590

Elizabeth I had set her heart upon the colonization of Munster. She sent Sir John Popham,* her Attorney-General, down to Somersetshire to coax the gentry in that district to send over the junior members of their families as undertakers, and caused letters to be written to people of distinction in every shire in England with the same intent. To such as would come she offered estates in fee, at twopence and threepence an acre. Rent † not to commence until the end of the third year, and even then a half-year's rent was to be accepted in lieu of a whole for three years more.† For every twelve thousand acres thus bestowed the undertaker was to plant eighty-six English Protestant‡ families upon the lands, and smaller or larger grants were to be peopled. in the same ratio. He was to erect a suitable residence for each family. Three houses for freeholders, to each of whom was to be assigned three hundred acres, at least, at the rate of sixteen feet and a-half to the lug or pole. Three houses for farmers, to each of whom was to be assigned four hundred acres of like measurement. Twenty-one for copyholders or other base tenures, to each of whom was to be assigned one hundred acres; and to the residue there was to be assigned fifty acres, twenty-five acres, or ten acres.

* Sir John Popham was descended from an ancient family that was formerly seated at Popham, in Hants. He was born in Somersetshire in 1531 When about sixteen-years-old he entered Baliol College, Oxford and, upon obtaining his degree he became a law student in the Middle Temple. He was not at the bar many years before he enjoyed an extensive practice, and had attained to great eminence. In 1570 he was made sergeant-at-law. He was appointed to the office of solicitor-general and subsequently to that of attorney-general; and in 1581 he was made Lord Chief-Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench. His "Reports and Cases" display considerable ability and great industry. In 1607 he died, leaving-besides seven daughters and one son, Sir Francis, who married Annie, daughter of John Dudley, by whom he had five sons and eight daughters. Amongst the sons were Alexander, one of Cromwell's lords, and Edward, one of the "sea generals" of the parliamentary fleet.

Admiral Popham is described as a brave man, but violently attached to independence. He died of fever in Dover in 1651 and was interred in St. John Chapel, Westminster Abbey. At he restoration his body was dragged out of his grave, at the same time as that of Mrs Elizabeth Cromwell, the Lord Protector’s mother, who had been buried with great state within the abbey walls. Mrs. Elizabeth Cromwell’s remains were flung contemptuously into a hole dug before the doorway of one of prebendaries of St Margaret’s but although some interest which the relatives of Admiral Popham’s wife, Anne had with the government, his were given up to them, and his monument permitted to remain where it was, but with the inscription reversed.

The Bandon Pophams claim descent from the same parent stock as Sir John; and it is very probable that her Majesty's attorney-general, who endeavoured to persuade the gentry of his native shire to send some of  their younger children over to this new colony, should also have induced some of his own kindred to do the same.

† Bogs and mountains were to pay no rent until improved, and were then    only to be charged at the rate of a halfpenny an acre.

‡ The planters were to be English, and their heirs were to marry none but of English birth. The settlers were not to permit any of the mere Irish to be maintained in any of their families.

Every freeholder, from the year 1590, was bound to furnish a horse and armed horseman; and a copyholder, an armed footman. An undertaker for 12,000 acres had to supply three horsemen and six footmen.

The undertakers did not perform what they undertook. Most of them did not bring over the stipulated number of tenants. Many of them made leases and conveyances to the Irish, whom they were bound wholly to exclude. Some of them became absentees—and several abandoned their seigniories to their former possessors. In fact, it does not appear that a single one of the entire number of patentees complied with the conditions of his patent excepting Phane Beecher, the founder of the colony of Bandon-Bridge; who carried out the intention of his patent with such fidelity, as to elicit from one of his contemporaries, who was engaged in an enterprise similar to his own, the following high testimonial to his integrity, and to his disinterestedness and success:

This Master Beecher, said he, by means of his honest and plaine dealing, rather seeking to replenish his countrie with people, according to her Majesty's grant, than esteeming any great gain to himself, hath gotten more sufficient tennauntes into his saide countrie than any other two that doe attempte the like within the province of Munster. Soe wel doe oure countriemen esteem of his worde, that, of my own knowledge, a dossen gentlemen of good accompt have dealth with him for five hundreth acres apeace onely upon his report; none of which over saweth same. But there is no hope of any more land to be had of him, for he bath already, to pleasure his countrie, straightened his demeasnes, which, 1 suppose, he would have done if he had had half the Desmond's land; so many are desirous to inhabbitte with him. *

If every other planter had executed the behests of his sovereign with the same honesty of purpose and assiduity as Master Beecher, South Munster would be to this day as loyal and devoted to the crown of England as any other portion of the British isles.

Among the confederates of the Earl of Desmond was Cnogher O'Mahony. This young chieftain entered warmly into the earl's design, and lost both life and estate in this cause. His course was a brief one. At the early age of twenty-three, death overtook him in one of the many sanguinary engagements which took place between the Queen's troops and the rebels. 'But much injury may be inflicted upon an enemy even in a short space of time, by an active and resolute leader; and—it would seem that such a one was O'Mahony, as not a single acre of the large inheritance he left behind him was ever restored to any of his kith or kin.

The forfeitures of O'Mahony included his residence at Castle-Mahon, and his lands which lay for several miles on both sides of the river Bandon. The castle and a large portion of the lands, amounting in the aggregate to fourteen thousand acres, were conferred on Phane Beecher, son of Alderman Henry Beecher, of London.

The patent which is dated September 30th 1588, grants to "Phane Beecher, of London, the Castle of O'Mahony (alias Mahown's Castle), and the moiety of all the lands and hereditaments therein—14,000 acres—at the yearly rent of 66 13s. 4d." By the conditions of the patent, Beecher was bound "to erect, or cause to be erected, houses for four score and eleven—ninety-one families. One, the principal habitation for Henry Beecher; six others for freeholders, each of whom were to get three hundred acres of laud, meadow, pasture, and wood; six more houses for farmers, to each of whom he was to assign four hundred acres of meadow, pasture, and wood; forty-two other houses for copyholders, each of whom was to be assigned one hundred acres of. land similar to the former; and, to each of the rest of the householders, Lots consisting of fifty acres, twenty-five acres, and ten acres. If houses were not made before seven years, then commissioners may take portion where assignment was not completed, and retain same until the houses were erected. If the patentee, his heirs, assigns, &c., do at any time hereafter make any alienation, conveyance, or estate of the premises, or any part thereof, to any person or persons being mere Irish, not descended of an original English ancestor of name or blood, and shall not redeem the same within one year next after such alienation, then it shall be lawful to and for us, our heirs and successors, to re-enter such part as shall be alienated, as if the Letters Patent had not been made."

The 14,000 acres bestowed "were lands of all sorts, and allotted for one whole seigniory for twelve thousand acres." The overplus of 2,000 acres being allowed by the commissioners in respect of the waste bogs, heath, and mountains. The lands to be hold in fee-farm, " as of our castle of Carriggroghane."

This seigniory was on the southern banks of the river, and included the site of the southern portion of the town of Bandon, Castle-Mahon, and the adjacent lands—stretching as far to the west as the western boundaries of Farrinashishery. Whilst, on the eastern side, it was terminated by the Bridewell river, at that time known as the Little river.

Another portion of O'Mahony's country was bestowed on Sir Bernard Grenville. This was on the northern bank of the river, and extended from the little rivulet, adjoining which at present stands the Provincial Bank; and as far to the west as the stream which forms the eastern boundary of the village of Ballineen.

Beecher set to work with the energy of a man of business. He brought over many tenants to people some of his lands; and more of them he disposed of in convenient lots to those who undertook to perform certain obligations; just as we have seen land companies in our own day, who, having obtained from the government a grant of a tract of country in Australia or New Zealand, part with it in suitable lots, and on certain conditions, to those who are willing to leave the old country to try their fortune in a new.

Shipload after shipload of the colonists arrived in Kinsale harbour where they landed, and made their way along a bridle-path. The bridle-path led from Kinsale to Roche's Castle, at PouInalonge; thence along the northern bank of the river to Downdanial Castle; and from thence it continued its course still along the river's northern banks, until it reached a ford well-known in these days, the site of which may still be recognized by the rocks which appear above the surface of the water, a few yards to the west of the principal bridge of Bandon town.

The country through which they passed was deeply wooded; and they struggled through it with more or less difficulty, until they reached Castle-Mahon. Many of the strangers had brought with them their wives and children, hazarding their all upon the venture; but more of them came alone, resolved on seeing and judging of the probabilities of getting on, before they left their peaceful homesteads in England for the swamps and the forests of a country where packs of wolves roamed about almost unmolested, and which a fierce and hardy native race claimed as their own.

Amongst those that settled here about this time—either being directly brought over by Beecher himself, or who procured lands from him and established little colonies of their own, or who came over to the infant settlement for purposes of trade and commerce were the following :

{Note- I have highlighted names that I know that have married into the Wolfe and Nash families}

Abbott, Adderly, Alcock, Atkins, Austen,

Baldwin, Beamish, Bennett, Bernard, Berry, Birde, Blacknell, Blofield, Booll, Bramlet, Brayly, Brooke, Burwood,

Cable, Cadlopp, Carey, Cecill Chambers, Chipstow, Christmas, Churchill, Clark, Clear, Cleather, Coombes, Cooper, Corkwell, Cotterall, Cox, Crofte,

Dashwood, Daunte, Davis, Deane, Dolbers, Downes, Drake, Dun, Dunkin,

Elliott, Ellwell, Elms, Evans,

Farre, Fenton, Flemming, Flewellan, Fondwell, Franck, Franklin, French, Frost, Fryher, Fuller,

Gamon, Gardiner, Giles, Glenfoild, Goodchild, Grant, Greatrakes, Green, Greenway, Grenville, Griffith, Grimes, Grimstead, Grimster,

Hales, Hammett, Hardinge, Harris, Harvie, Hewitt, Hill Hitchcock, Hodder Holbedyr, Howard Hussey,

Jackson, Jifford, Jones, Joyce, Jumper,

Kent, Kerall, Kingston, Kito,

Lake, Lambe, Lane, Langford, Lapp, Law, Light, Linscombe, Lissone, Little, Lucas,

Margets, Martyn, Meldon, Moaks, Monoarke, Mowberry,

Nelson, Newce Newman,

Osmond,

Perrott, Peyton, Pitt, Poole, Popham, Porter, Preston

Radley, Rake, Rashleigh, Richmond,

Saunders, Savage, Scott, Seymour,. Shephard, Skeuce, Skinner, Skipwith, Skipwith, Smith, Snookes, Spenser, Spratt, Stanley, Sugar, Sweete, Symons, Synoger,

Tanner, Taylor, Thomas, Thompson, Tickner, Tobye, Travers, Tucker, Turner,

Valley, Vane, Vick,

Wade. Ware,. Warren, Watkins, Whaley, Wheatly, Wheeler, White, Wight, Williams Willobe, Wiseman, Woodroffe, Woolfe

The country into which they had come did not lie in the track of communication between the towns already existing in the west of the county and its principal city. Should a traveller set out from Bantry, intent on reaching Cork, he should pass through a portion of O'Donovan's country, until he came to Ross. His route then lay through lands possessed by some sept of the Mac Carthys, until he arrived at Timoleague, from which place he journeyed through the territory of the MacCarthy Reagh, to Kinsale. Upon leaving Kinsale, he made straight for Ballinahassig; and from thence over bare hills, and through an almost uninhabited district, until he approached the walls of Cork. The interior of the country—at least that region now occupied by the towns of Bandon, Clonakilty and Dunmanway—was entirety unknown to the ordinary wayfarer. Indeed, so dreary and so insecure was the site upon which Bandon itself is built, that one who naturally took a great interest in the town's prosperity describes it as having been " a mere waste bog, serving as a retreat for woodkerns, rebels, thieves, and wolves." Whenever the Irish were wounded in a fight with the English on this side of Cork, they took to their heels in hot haste for this locality—well knowing that the latter were unable to pursue them "amongst the fastnesses of Kinalmeaky." And such was the unenviable pre-eminence those fastnesses had obtained for sheltering the worst kind of woodkern, and the meanest sort of rebel, that for many years—-even after the colony had been firmly established—"You Kinalmeaky thieves" was a term of bitter reproach, applied by an English settlers to those who ravaged his homestead, or drove away his cattle.

Although Kinalmeaky had its disadvantages, it had its advantages also. A beautiful stream, gushing from the bosom of Mount Owen, and swelled by tributary after tributary, wound its sinuous course among meadows—rich with the sweetest pastures, and rivalling the emerald in its hue. A grateful soil awaited the plough, ready to repay the husbandman for his skill and his toil; and there was no country better adapted for breeding horses, and for multiplying flocks and herds. A great deal of the rough land on the northern side of the river, and which is now occupied by an industrious and thriving tenantry, was at that time overspread with woods. It was the same on the southern side. Lands, which now annually produce oats and potatoes, were covered with timber for scores of miles. That there were many acres of green meadow along the green banks of the Green river,* and fertile lands in the glades and valleys, without a tree standing on them, is true; but the numerous woods thickly scattered throughout gave the entire scene the appearance of a vast forest. † And a vast forest it resembled in more aspects than one.

The devastating wars, ‡ which had lately wasted the country of tho O'Mahony and O'Crowley, had produced a solitude upon which no one intruded; unless when some half-naked savage, who was owned by a Mac Carthy or a Hurley, came through the thicket in quest of a wounded deer. And the silence-deep and grave-was unbroken, save when the wild pigeon cooed to its missing mate; or when the outlaw or the woodkern, brought to bay, shrieked for mercy from his pursuers.

* One of the ancient names of the Bandon was the Glasslyn, or Green river.

† Writing of Kinalmeaky, in 1589, Mr. Payne says, "In this countrie is greate woodes; the trees of wonderful length"
"Twenty years past," writes Lord Cork in 1606), "Bandon-Bridge was a great many woods.'

Previous to the Desmond rebellion, some parts of this country were fairly inhabited; and it would appear from the tombstone of Willoughty Turner, who died in 1631, and was buried in the Roman Catholic graveyard at Ballymodan, that oven some English adventurers were living in it many years previous to the Earl's revolt.

Puritan Settlers

1620. This year the colony of New England was planted by the Puritans. Although forced back repeatedly by severe weather, they persevered; and finally sailed from Plymouth on the 6th of September, in the Mayflower On the 10th of November they got into Cape Cod harbour, and the next day one hundred and one persons were landed in Connecticut. It is interesting to note that the names of several of those pilgrim fathers are identical with those of several of the Bandon colonists—as Edward Fuller, Thomas Williams, Richard Clarke, Martin, Mullins, White, Warren, Hopkins, Cook, Rogers, Turner, Browne, Gardiner, &c.

Puritan settlers had been pouring in here [Bandon] ever since the settlement was formed, but more especially since peace and order were restored upon the evacuation of Kinsale by the Spaniards; and by this time they had become very numerous. Many of those who settled here had been persuaded to come over by Lord Cork, since he had become connected with the town; and were induced to leave England by the encouragement that nobleman held out to them. They principally came from Taunton and. Kingston, in Somersetshire, and brought with them their wives and families. As we have said, they were Puritans, but they belonged to that portion of the body known as the English Presbyterians, and were not so austere and unrelenting in their religious and political views as the Independents. Amongst those who settled here about this time were:

Allen, Aldworth, Alcock, Anstice, Arthar, Aveny,

Ball, Browne, Bass, Baker, Burchill, Banks, Banfield, Butterfield, Bradfield, Beech, Bond, Beek, Biggs, Barber, Bignell, Burwood, Breely, Bisse, Bannister, Bayly, Bradshaw, Blewytt,

Cook, Conzell, Chinnery, Castle, Chonock, Colman, Cork, Crowe, Charley, Cockers, Chambrian, Cumber, Crowder,

Dalle, Dolling, Dawson, Draper, Danger,

Eayles, Eastmond, Eames, Elton, Elliott, Elrington, Edwards, Emerson, Everett,

Fleete, Furrow, Farnham, Finch, Fopp, Fowler, Ffennel,

Godfrey, Goodwin, Grynnell, Grimly, Gilpain, Gillet, Garret, Grey, Goodchild, Gates, Gabriel, Gash, Good, Goodman, Gosnell, Goss, Goodwin, Gibson,

Hobson, Hinds, Hendege, Hill, Holland, Haines, Hunt, Hide, Husband, Hobkins, Hurman, Hudson, Harte, Hendley,

Imball,

James, Jonson, Jue, Joston, Jerman, Jennings, Joice, Jenkins, Jeffries

Keene, Kendall, Knight, King,

Longe, Leonard, Landon, Lashmore, Lumbart, Leister, Ledbetter, Lyndsey, Legge, Lannon,

Mupesadd, Mutchowe, Mobbs, Moore, Maunbey, Morgan, Morman, Maners, Michell, Mosse, Mills, Mox, May, Medley, Morris, Maybery, Maunders, Moheway,

Newett, Narriarot, North, Noole, Nash, Nicolas,

Olliver, Owgan, Osborne, Orchsheare,

Palmer, Payne, Patyson, Pryer, Patendon, Provost, Powell, Pifford, Peters, Phillipps, Philpot, Piers, Parrick, Patch, Price, Pprott, Pinson, Polden, Pyne, Pure, Powell, Prate,

Quarry, Qoo

Rayoman, Rabbet, Rose, Rowbie, Rodyan, Rowland, Robinson, Ruck, Russell, Redwood, Revel, Rufin, Riems, Rogen, Roe, Reynolds, Rice, Rody, Redgin, Remnant, Richardson, Read,

Sergin, Smith, Sharry, Stoaks, Sparrow, Salmon, Small, Snigg, Stephens, Salle, Syle, Seargeant, Stoner, Snedall, Seward, Screenen, Spur, Strong, Samson, Scatterford, Stowe, Stamers, Sherrill, Shorley, Slowen, Symmes, Simister, Steed, Seraggs, Shorten, Strand,

Thorne, Thornton, Tome, Thompson, Tape, Truman, Trindor,

Upcot, Usher, Uncles (Unkles),

Varian, Vinson, Vinot,

Wharton, Withers, Winckfield, Weston, Warley, Wilkinson, Wetherhead, Walebauck, Waye, Wollridge, Write, Wills, Whitby, Weast, Ward, Wright, Waters, Waldron, Wakefield, Winsor, Wells, Weekes, Whelply, Wilmot Wilson, Winthrop.

 

TOP

5l.jpg (5893 bytes)

 

5btset~1.jpg (3990 bytes)


COPYRIGHT: The contents of this home page are
copyright by Data Tree Publishing
author: Kate Press

Last Updated on 12  April 2009